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          尼泊爾和中國就官宣珠峰新高度問題上達成共識/Nepal and China reach consensus on announcing height of Everest

          2020年11月13日 01:16  點擊:[]


          尼泊爾和中國就官宣珠峰新高度問題上達成共識

          中尼兩國官方對雙方將一起測量珠峰“新高度”一事三緘其口


          20201112       作者:阿尼爾·吉里(Anil Giri  刊于:《加德滿都郵報》


          中尼兩國官方就測量珠峰(地處兩國交界地帶)官方高度這一問題上達成共識,取得重大突破。這一共識不僅為兩國共同測量世界最高峰的“新高度”提供了前提,也消除了15年來關于是認可“雪高”還是“巖高”為其官方高度的分歧。


          尼泊爾土地管理、合作社及扶貧部部長帕德瑪?阿里亞爾在接受《加德滿都郵報》采訪時表示:“兩國都曾對珠峰進行過高度測量?!?盡管兩國官方都對“新高度”緘口不言,但雙方都已經完成了數據分析,并相互交流了研究成果。他還表示,“在分析各自的數據后,雙方得出了相似的結果。更重要的是,雙方都同意珠穆朗瑪峰測量的高度算上積雪厚度?!?/p>


          根據測量部的數據,過去印度、美國和歐洲等國的測量員曾在不同的時間段對珠穆朗瑪峰的高度進行測量。有跡象表明,2015年的地震可能改變了珠峰的高度,所以測量員再次萌生了重新測量的想法。繼尼泊爾于2017年測量珠峰后,去年,習近平主席訪問尼泊爾后,中國也對珠峰進行了重新測量。訪問期間,雙方同意一起公布珠峰的新高度。


          尼泊爾調查部門與六家國際公司合作,在這項工作中花費了130萬美元。2005年,一支中國探險隊到珠峰重新測量其高度,數據顯示測量結果為8844.43米(29017.16英尺)。中國政府表示,由于積雪一直在變化,所以他們測量的珠峰高度是不包括積雪高度的。


          但是尼泊爾政府并不同意此高度。全球公認的珠穆朗瑪峰高度為8848米(29928英尺)。2005年時任勘測部總干事的托亞納斯·巴拉爾(Toyanath Baral)接受郵報采訪時表示:“因為中國測量的珠峰高度比全球公認值少了近4米,所以我們并不認同8844.43這一數字是算上珠峰巖石的高度值?!?/p>


          一位參與評估過程的高級官員告訴《加德滿都郵報》:“現在中方也同意了我們的觀點。但目前我們還不清楚珠穆朗瑪峰的巖石高度是否也會公布。此前,我們計劃在珠峰引起全球關注之際,邀請加德滿都的著名地質學家、科學家和著名登山者共同官宣這一高度。但現在由于疫情,中方和尼泊爾將單獨公布?!敝袊笫桂^的一位發言人還表示,聯合聲明有望在短期內發布。他說:“我們很快將一起公布積雪高度,雙方正在就具體安排進行密切溝通?!?/p>

           

          Translated by Sun Dali

          Verified By Fang Lee


          Nepal and China reach consensus on announcing height of Everest

          Officials are tight-lipped about the ‘new height’ which is to be announced jointly in Kathmandu and Beijing soon.


          Published on: 12 November 2020, by: Anil Giri, At: The Kathmandu Post


          In a major breakthrough, Nepali and Chinese officials have reached a consensus on announcing the official height of Everest, which straddles the two countries. The consensus not only paves the way for the two to announce the “new height” of the highest mountain in the world, but also brings to an end a 15-year-old disagreement on whether to recognise the “snow height” or the “rock height” of the mountain as its official height.


          “Both the governments have completed measurement of the height of Everest,” Padma Aryal, Minister for Land Management, Cooperatives and Poverty Alleviation, told the Post. Though officials are tight-lipped about the “new height”, both sides have completed their data analysis and shared their findings with each other. “Both have arrived at similar figures after analysing their respective data. More importantly, both sides have agreed to accept the height of Everest by incorporating the thickness of its snow cover,” said Aryal.


          According to the Department of Survey, the height of Everest has been measured by different Indian, American and European surveyors on different dates in the past. The idea of remeasurement surfaced again as there were indications that the 2015 Earthquake may have altered the mountain’s height. While Nepal started measuring the height of the mountain in 2017, China did so last year after the visit of Chinese President Xi Jinping to Nepal. During the visit, both sides had agreed to jointly announce the height of the mountain.

           

          Nepal’s survey department has spent $1.3 million in this endeavour, working with six international firms. In 2005, a Chinese expedition to the mountain to re-measure its height reported the figure to be 8,844.43m (29,017.16 ft). Chinese authorities said they only measured the height of the land below the snow cover as the snow covers change all the time.


          But Nepali authorities had disagreed. The globally-accepted height of Everest is 8,848 meters (29,928 ft). “We rejected the rock height of Mt Everest after China downsized the mountain by almost four meters,” Toyanath Baral, who was director-general at the Department of Survey in 2005, told the Post.


          “Now the Chinese have also agreed to this. But it is not clear whether the rock height of Everest will also be announced or not,” a senior official involved in the measurement process told the Post. “Earlier we had planned to announce the height by inviting renowned geologists, scientists and acclaimed climbers in Kathmandu as Everest grabs global attention. But now due to the pandemic, the announcement will be made separately in Kathmandu and Beijing,” an official said. A spokesperson for the Chinese Embassy also said the joint announcement is expected soon. “We will jointly announce the snow height soon,” he said, “The two sides are in close communication regarding the specific arrangement.”

           



          Link: https://kathmandupost.com/national/2020/11/12/nepal-and-china-reach-consensus-on-announcing-height-of-everest


           

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