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          跨越珠穆朗瑪峰的友誼:共同繁榮的紐帶/Friendship across Mount Zhumulangma: A bond for shared prosperity

          2020年11月02日 15:14  點擊:[]


          跨越珠穆朗瑪峰的友誼:共同繁榮的紐帶

          2020111 作者:侯艷琪 刊于:我的共和國

           


          中尼是山水相連的友好鄰邦。兩國人民自古以來就在邊境地區共享互聯互通、互利往來。雄偉神圣的珠穆朗瑪峰見證了兩國悠久的外交歷史,巍峨的喜馬拉雅山成為中尼友誼的紐帶。1955年,中尼建交,開啟了兩國關系發展的新篇章,為兩國邊境合作注入了新動力。

           

          中尼邊界見證了兩國的和平與友誼。在兩國前任領導人的促成下,中尼雙方本著和平共處五項原則和公平、合理、相互理解、相互包容的精神,通過友好協商,從整體上解決了邊界問題。雙方于1961年10月簽署了邊界條約。1963年,中尼聯合邊界委員會劃定了1000多公里的邊界,并在邊界線上設立了界樁。中尼邊境60多年來一直保持和平與穩定。中尼邊界問題的解決不僅是中尼友好關系發展的里程碑,也是通過友好協商解決與領國邊界問題的典范,為亞洲和世界和平作出了重要貢獻。

           

          中尼雙方就邊境事務還建立了密切溝通與協調機制。根據《邊界條約》和《議定書》規定,兩國專業機構需完全具備確定實地邊界具體線路的能力,使中尼邊界得到科學、專業的認定和管理,這樣就不存在任何所謂侵犯對方領土的說法。在習近平主席2019年對尼泊爾進行國事訪問期間,雙方簽署了《邊界管理制度協定》,有效地提高了兩國邊界管理和合作的水平。

           

          中尼邊境已成為兩國互利合作的紐帶。兩國已開通了喀隆-拉蘇瓦(Kerung-Rasuwa)和樟木-科達里(Zhangmu-Kodari)等6對邊境口岸??缇澈献饕殉蔀閮蓢P系的重要組成部分。雙方還就貿易和支付、邊境居民跨境畜牧業、商貿等事項達成了一系列協議,進一步促進邊境貿易,為邊境居民的生活提供便利。2019年,中國西藏自治區與尼泊爾進出口總值達到36.65億元(約合4.65億美元),同比增長26.7%。尼泊爾連續六年成為西藏自治區最大的對外貿易伙伴。

           

          為改善尼泊爾北部人民的生活,中方自2006年5月起開放西藏自治區公路,為尼泊爾方面提供了貨物運輸。此次合作共完成發貨67批,共計食品、柴油、工程機械、施工材料等貨物15876.9噸。這也成為兩國邊境居民真誠互助、合作共贏的美談。

           

          班達里總統2019年對中國進行國事訪問期間,簽署了中尼《過境運輸協定實施協議》,允許尼泊爾方面在中國4個海港和3個陸上港口進行第三國貿易,這有助于推動尼泊爾從“內陸國”向“陸連國”轉變,為中尼跨境合作帶來新機遇。

           

          中尼邊境是相互援助的橋梁。2015年4月尼泊爾大地震對兩國邊境口岸和道路造成嚴重破壞。盡管地震后沿線次生災害頻發,中方仍將尼泊爾急需的油氣運至尼泊爾,并積極在邊境口岸和公路展開搶修維修工作。2019年5月,漳木-科達里港恢復貨運功能。

           

          很榮幸能夠領導工作組沿阿尼科(Arniko)公路行駛,視察邊境港口的重建。在如此復雜的地理條件下,邊境口岸的建設給我留下了深刻印象,中尼友誼堅不可摧,患難與共。

           

          今年,自新冠疫情爆發以來,中方一直致力于防控新冠疫情、應對自然地質災害的影響,建立聯防聯控機制,積極探索提高貨物運輸能力的途徑。盡管疫情仍在持續,但我們仍盡最大努力維持著邊境口岸的貨運功能,并優先安排運輸中國援助的多批醫療用品和尼泊爾采購的日用品。盡管疫情影響了兩國間貨物運輸合作的效率,但向尼方運送防治疫情的醫療用品和生活必需品的工作從未停止,這座友誼之橋從未斷開。

           

          新時期中尼邊境合作前景廣闊。2019年是中尼關系發展史上的里程碑。習近平主席和班達里總統成功進行國事訪問,將兩國關系提升為世代友好、發展繁榮的戰略合作伙伴關系。2020年是中尼建交65周年,也是落實兩國高層互訪成果的第一年。在兩國領導人繪制的藍圖的指導下,雙方正共同努力建設跨喜馬拉雅地區的多維互聯網絡。繼續完善邊境口岸功能和基礎設施建設,全力維護中尼公路,積極推進克倫-加德滿都(Kerung-Kathmandu)跨境鐵路項目可行性研究。中國和尼泊爾還將聯合測量珠穆朗瑪峰海拔,并在這一領域進行科學研究。

           

          讓我們期待新時期中尼友誼與合作在珠穆朗瑪峰上繼續閃耀,讓我們共同努力,把中尼邊境作為紐帶,建設中尼共同的美好未來。

           

           

          Translated by Fang Lee

          Verified by Qi Zhouqian


          Friendship across Mount Zhumulangma: A bond for shared prosperity

          Published On:  November 1, 2020, By: Hou Yanqi, at:Republic


          China and Nepal are friendly neighbors linked by mountains and rivers.  People from both the countries have shared connectivity, mutual benefit and exchanges along the border areas since ancient times. The magnificent and holy Mount Zhumulangma has witnessed the long history of exchanges between the two countries, and the vast Himalayas have become the bond of China-Nepal friendship.  In 1955, China and Nepal established diplomatic relations, which started a new chapter in the development of bilateral relations and injected new impetus into border cooperation between the two countries.

           

          The China-Nepal boundary bears testimony to peace and friendship between the two countries.  Under care of the former leaders of the two countries, China and Nepal achieved an overall settlement of the boundary question through friendly consultations in accordance with the Five Principles of Peaceful Co-existence and the spirit of fairness, reasonableness, mutual understanding and mutual accommodation.  The two sides signed the Boundary Treaty in October 1961.  In 1963, the China-Nepal Joint Boundary Commission demarcated the over 1000 kilometers boundary and set up boundary markers along the boundary line.  The China-Nepal border has maintained peace and stability for over 60 years. Settlement of the boundary question between the two countries was not only a milestone in the development of friendly relations between China and Nepal, it also set an example to settle boundary questions with neighboring countries through friendly consultations, and thus made an important contribution to peace in Asia and the world.

           

          The two sides have also established mechanisms to keep close communication and coordination on border affairs.  In accordance with the provisions of the Boundary Treaty and Protocols, the professional authorities from both the sides have been fully capable of determining the specific alignment of the boundary on the field, putting China-Nepal boundary under scientific and professional recognition and management, which leaves no room for any so-called encroachment on each other's territories.  In 2019, during President Xi Jinping's state visit to Nepal, the two sides signed the Agreement on the Boundary Management System and have effectively improved the level of boundary management and cooperation between the two countries.

           

          China-Nepal border has become a bond for win-win cooperation. The two countries have opened six pairs of border ports, including the Kerung-Rasuwa and Zhangmu-Kodari.  Trans-border cooperation has become an important part of bilateral relations.  The two sides also reached a series of agreements on trade and payment, trans-frontier pasturing of livestock by the border inhabitants, and trade and other matters, to further promote border trade and facilitate the lives of border inhabitants.  In 2019, the total imports and exports value between Xizang (Tibet) Autonomous Region of China (XAR) and Nepal reached 3.165 billion yuan (about 465 million US dollars), a growth of 26.7% on a year-on-year basis.  Nepal has been the largest foreign trade partner of XAR for six years in a row.

           

          In order to better the lives of the people in the northern part of Nepal, the Chinese side has provided the Nepali side with the facility to utilize highways in XAR for Cargo Transport since May 2006.  A total of 67 batches of consignments have been completed under this cooperation, with a total of 15,876.9 tons of goods, including food, diesel, engineering machinery construction materials. It has become a tale of sincere mutual assistance and win-win cooperation between border inhabitants of the two countries.

           

          During President Bhandari’s state visit to China in 2019, China and Nepal signed the Protocol on Implementing Agreement on Transit Transport that allows the Nepali side to use 4 sea ports and 3 land ports in China for third-country trade, which helps promote the vision of Nepal to transform from a “land-locked” country to a “land-linked” country, and bring new opportunities in China-Nepal trans-border cooperation.

           

          China-Nepal border is a bridge for mutual assistance.  The earthquakes of April 2015 caused serious damage to the border ports and roads between the two countries.  Despite the risk of frequent secondary disasters along the route after the earthquakes, the Chinese side transported the most needed oil and gas to Nepal and actively carried out urgent repair and maintenance work at the border ports and the roads.  In May 2019, the Zhangmu-Kodari Port restored its freight function.

           

          I had the pleasure of leading a working team to inspect the reconstruction of the border port by driving along the Arniko Highway.  I was deeply impressed by the construction of the border port under such sophisticated geographical conditions, and was touched by the unbreakable China-Nepal friendship, sharing weal and woe.

           

          This year, since the outbreak of the pandemic, the Chinese side has been working hard to overcome the impact of COVID-19 and natural geological hazards in establishing a joint prevention and control mechanism in order to actively explore the ways to improve the capacity of the transportation of goods. Despite the ongoing pandemic, we have maintained the freight function at the border ports to our best and arranged for the transportation of many batches of medical supplies aided by China and daily necessities purchased by Nepal as a priority.  Although the pandemic has affected the efficiency of cooperation in transporting goods between the two countries, the delivery of medical supplies for prevention and control of the pandemic and daily necessities to the Nepali side has never stopped, and this bridge of friendship has never been interrupted.

           

          The prospects of China-Nepal border cooperation in the new era is very promising.  The year 2019 is a milestone in the history of the development of China-Nepal relations.  President Xi Jinping and President Bhandari successfully exchanged state visits and elevated the bilateral relations to the Strategic Partnership of Cooperation, featuring ever-lasting friendship for development and prosperity. The year 2020 marks the 65th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Nepal, and is also the first year to implement the outcomes of exchanges of the high-level visits. Under the guidance of the blueprint depicted by the leaders of the two countries, the two sides are working together to build the trans-Himalayan multidimensional connectivity network. We will continue to improve the functions and infrastructure construction along the border ports, and spare no efforts in maintaining the highways connecting China and Nepal, and actively promote feasibility study on the Kerung-Kathmandu cross-border railway project. China and Nepal will also jointly announce the height of Mount Zhumulangma and conduct scientific research in this field.

           

          Let us look forward to the continued glittering of China-Nepal friendship and cooperation across Mount Zhumulangma in the new era; let us work together to make the China-Nepal border a bond to build a shared bright future for China and Nepal.

           


          Link: https://myrepublica.nagariknetwork.com/news/friendship-across-mount-zhumulangma-a-bond-for-shared-prosperity/

           

           

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