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          特萊的幾個村莊中仍存在喬帕迪這一陋習/Chhaupadi Still In Practice In Few Villages Of Terai

          2020年11月09日 23:59  點擊:[]


          特萊的幾個村莊中仍存在喬帕迪這一陋習

          2020118    作者:錢達尼·阿查里亞(Chandani Acharya 刊于:新興尼泊爾


          在戈達霍迪(Ghodaghodi)、高里甘加(Gauriganga)、巴達戈里亞(Bardagoriya)和蘭基丘亞(Lamkichua)等市的少數村莊中,仍然存在著一種迷信思想,即讓月經來潮的婦女呆在屋里會讓上帝生氣。


          戈達霍迪市13歲的賈穆納正處于月經初潮的第三天。她一直住在喬戈特(Chhau goth),這是一種傳統的小屋,用來安置月經來潮的婦女,小屋就在她家附近。她在擁擠的喬戈特屋里鋪了一塊薄布作為床上用品。她說:“因為這是我第一次來月經,有人告訴我不能看我家里的男性成員。還有,如果我呆在家里,上帝會生氣的。因此,我被安置在這間小屋里?!?/p>


          雖然賈穆納的家人說,她被安置在喬戈特只是因為這是她的月經初潮,但村里的許多房子旁邊都建有喬戈特房屋,這表示事情并不是賈穆納的家人說的那么回事。在戈達霍迪市,讓經期婦女住在喬戈特的非法習俗仍在繼續。一位不愿透露姓名的女性說:“我們被告知,如果我們經期呆在家里,上帝會對我們生氣的,不然誰想呆在這樣的小屋里呢?”


          為根除喬帕迪這一陋習,地方政府開始推行各種計劃來提高人們的認識,很多經受這種陋習的女性都不愿說出自己的名字。許多人表示不理解為什么要將喬戈特木屋定為犯罪,因為它還可以用來儲存柴火。戈達霍迪市執行委員會委員尼瑪拉·桑吉亞爾(Nirmala Sanjyal)說,當地政府與每個地區的學校進行協調,一直在開展針對這種不良行為的認知宣傳工作。


          桑吉亞爾補充說:“我們一直在存在陋習的地方開展宣傳工作,提高人們的認知。然而,這些婦女不能接受喬帕迪已經被定罪的事實?!碧m基丘哈市(Lamkichuha)副市長提卡·庫馬里塔帕(Tika Kumari Thapa)說,當地政府已經發起了一場運動,阻止喬帕迪陋習。


          塔帕補充道:“在我們向當地年長的居民提出要求后,幾乎80%的喬戈特小屋已經被市政當局遷走?!薄秶倚谭ǖ洹返?68(3)條規定,禁止將經期婦女安置在喬戈特小屋。違反這項規定者最高可面臨三個月監禁和3000盧比的罰款。


          將經期婦女安置進喬帕迪小屋的行為,盡管已被該法案定為犯罪,但尚未付諸實施。社會工作者梅娜·達卡爾(Maina Dhakal)要求政府嚴格執行有關喬帕迪的法律,她說:“破壞小屋是不夠的,必須大力傳播意識,才能根除這種陋習?!?/p>

          Translated by Yan Jin

          Verified by Fu Xiao


          Chhaupadi Still In Practice In Few Villages Of Terai

          Published on: 8 November 2020, by: Chandani Acharya,  at: The Rising Nepal


          By Chandani Acharya, Lamki (Kailali), Nov. 8:  The superstitious belief that keeping menstruating women inside the house would make the god angry still, alias Chhaupadi practice, still exists in few villages of Ghodaghodi, Gauriganga, Bardagoriya and Lamkichua Municipalities among others.


          13-year-old Jamuna (name changed) of Ghodaghodi Municipality-8 is on the third day of her menarche. She has been staying in Chhau goth, a traditional hut made to keep menstruating women, near her house. She lays a thin piece of cloth for her bedding inside the congested Chhau goth. “Since it is my first menstruation, I have been told that I cannot look at the male members of my family. Also, if I stay inside my house, god will be angry. Thus, I have been placed inside this hut,” said Jamuna.


          Although Jamuna’s families said that she was placed in the Chhau goth only because it was her first period, the Chhau goths constructed next to many houses in the village tells a different story. The illegal custom of staying in Chhau goth is still continuing in Ghodaghodi Municipality. Requesting anonymity, a female said, “We have been told that if we stay inside our homes during our period, the god will be angry with us. This is why we stay in Chhau goth, otherwise who would want to stay in a hut?”


          After the local levels started introducing various awareness programmes to eradicate Chhaupadi practice, the females practicing it refrain from even telling their names. Many say that the Chhau goths were handy in storing firewoods when asked why they had not destructed the huts after it was criminalised by the government. Nirmala Sanjyal, executive committee member of Ghodaghodi Municipality said that the local government had been conducting awareness programmes against the ill practice by coordinating with schools in every ward.


          “We have been holding awareness programmes in wards where Chhaupadi is still in practice. However, the women have not been able to accept that Chhaupadi has already been criminalised,” added Sanjyal. Various local levels in Kailali have been destructing the Chhau goths within their territory. Tika Kumari Thapa, deputy mayor of Lamkichuha Municipality, said that the local government had introduced a campaign to stop Chhaupadi practice from 2074 BS itself.


          “After our requests to the senior citizens, almost 80 per cent of Chhau goths have been removed from the municipality,” added Thapa. Section 168 (3) of the National Penal Code, 2074, has prohibited to put menstruating women in Chhau goths. This provision has been backed with the punishment of imprisonment up to three months and a fine up to Rs. 3,000.


          Although the law has criminalised Chhaupadi, it has not come into practice. “Destructing the menstrual huts is not enough, awareness must be spread in the same way in order to eradicate the practice,” said Maina Dhakal, a social worker, demanding strict enforcement of the laws relating to Chhaupadi.

           


          Link: https://risingnepaldaily.com/nation/chhaupadi-still-in-practice-in-few-villages-of-terai


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